• The Government of the Peoples Republic of Bangladesh

Bangladesh Profile

Official Name The People's Republic of Bangladesh
Capital Dhaka : Area-1416 Sq.Km. Population 150.60 million in 2011
Hon'ble President Mr. Md. Abdul Hamid
Hon'ble Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina
Geographical Location Between 20°.34' and 26°.38' north latitude and between 88°.01' and 92°.41' east longitude.
Area 1,47,570 sq.km. Territorial Waters 200 nautical miles. Economic Zome-Upto 370.40 km. in the high seas, measured from the base line.
Boundary North India South Bay of Bengal
East India and Mayanmar West India
Religion Islam but other main religions namely Hinduism, Buddhism, Christianity are practised in peace and harmony.
Unit of Currency Taka
Time GMT+6.00 hours.
Administrative Units Division: 7; Zila: 64; Thana: 624; Union: 4571;
Major Cities Dhaka, Chittagong. Khulna, Rajshahi, Mymensing, Comilla, Barisal, Sylhet, Rangpur.
Climate Average Winter temp (Max 29° C Min 11° C ). Average Summer temp (Max 40° C Min 21° C)
Monsoon Rainfall Lowest 340mm. Highest 964 mm.
Humidity Highest 99% Lowest 36 %
Main Seasons Summer (March-May), Rainy Season (June-September) and Winter (December-February)
Population in Census 2011 Approximately 150.60 million; Growth rate 1.37% per annum; Sex ratio 104.90 males per 100 females; Urban Population 39.0%. ; Density per square km 1021.
Language Bengali but English is widely used.
Principal River Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Bhahmaputra, Teesta, Surma and Karnaphuli in all 310 rivers including tributaries and branches.
Principal Minerals Natural Gas, Lignite Coal, Limestones, Ceramic, Clay and Glass Sand.
Principal Crops Rice, Jute, Tobacco, Sugarcane, Pulses, Oilseeds, Spices, Potatoes, Vegetables, Jackfruit, Bananas, Mangoes, Coconut, Tea and Wheat.
Principal Industries Garments, Jute, Cotton, Textile, Tea, Paper, Newsprint, Cement, Fertilizer, Sugar, Engineering, Electric cables , Leather goods.
Principal Exports Readymade garments, Jute and Jute products, Tea, Leather, Pharmaceutical product and Frozen food.
Sea Ports Chittagong and Mongla.
Airports Dhaka, Chittagong , Jessore, Rajshahi, Iswardi, Sylhet, Cox’s Bazar, Syedpur and Barisal .
Landports Benapole, Teknaf, Banglabandha, Sonamosjid, Hilli, Darshana, Birol, Burimari, Tamabil, Haluaghat, Akhawra, BibirBazar, Bhomra.
Education(2012 based) Public Universities: 37; Private Universities: 92; International Universities: 3; Medical & Dental Collage: 89; Other Professional Education Institution 411, Bangladesh Institute of Technology: 4; Colleges 3547; Technical & Vocational Institutes 3116; Secondary School 19526; Madrasha 9441, Primary School 104017, Adult Literacy Rate 56.8%
Health (2012 based) Hospitals 4169; Hospital beds 91106;Registered physician: 64434, No. of registered nurses: 30516
Electricity 220 Volts A.C. in all cities and towns.
Tourist Season October to March
Main Tourist Attractions. Colourful tribal life of Hill Tracts, world’s longest sea beach at Cox’s Bazar, centuries old historical sites at Dhaka , Paharpur, Mainamati, Mohastangar, Sundarban world largest mangrove forest, largest tea garden, reverine life etc.
Wearing Apparel Tropical in Summer and Light woolen in Winter.